What makes the home loan interest rates go up or down?

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Interest rates are the cost of borrowing money. It works like a compensation for the service and risk of lending money. Interest rates keep the economy moving by encouraging people to borrow, to lend, and to spend. But interest rates are always changing, and different types of loans offer different interest rates. If you are a lender, a borrower, or both, it’s crucial for you to understand the reasons for these changes and differences.

Lenders and Borrowers 

The lender takes a risk while giving out the loan. Thus, interest provides a certain compensation for bearing such risk. The risk of default altogether is the risk of inflation. When you lend money now, the prices of goods and services may rise by the time you are paid back, so your money’s original purchasing power would go down. Thus, interest protects against future rises in inflation.

Home loan borrowers pay interest on loans because they pay a price for gaining the ability to spend now, instead of having to wait for a longer period to save up enough money. Businesses also borrow to buy equipment so they can begin earning revenues. If you borrow money, the home loan interest rate to be paid could be less than the cost of forgoing the opportunity of having access to the money in the present.

How Interest Rates are Determined 

Supply and Demand

Interest rate levels are a factor of the supply and demand of credit: a hike in the demand for money or credit will raise interest rates, while a reduction in the demand for credit will decrease them. An increase in the supply of credit will reduce the home loan interest rate while a decrease in the supply of credit will increase them.

A gradual increase in the amount of money made available to borrower’s increases the supply of credit. Credit available to the economy reduces as the lenders decide to defer the repayment of their home loans. In case of a delay in payment of your month’s credit card bill until the next month or even later, you are not only increasing the amount of interest to be paid but also reducing the amount of credit available in the market. This causes a rise in the interest rates in the economy.


Inflation will affect the home loan levels, the higher the inflation rate, the higher the interest rates rise. This occurs because lenders will demand higher interest rates as compensation for the drop in purchasing power of the money that is paid in the future.


The banking regulator also has a say in how the home loan interest rates are affected and how the monetary policy will affect those interest rates.

Your credit history plays a big part, in the amount of interest to be charged on your home loan. So, it’s best to understand how they work and how it can help you secure your lowest interest rate possible. Home loan interest rates are partly based on economic factors that shift over time. You may not have any control over these, but once you know what to look for, you can watch out for changes and take advantage of them.